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Ney is one the oldest wind instruments common in Iran. It is a pipe made of reed plant consisting of six knots and seven (haft) parts (band)-giving it the alternative name haft-band-with five holes on the lower part of the pipe and one on the opposite side.

Ney is among the wind instruments with a reed (mouth piece); thereby the tongue plays a major role in producing tunes. To play the instrument, it's upper end is placed in the corner of the lips and its ridge between the incisors and air blown into it by breath. Blocking and opening the holes by the fingers of both hands changes the length of the vibrating air and consequently the wave length of the produced vibrations and hence the notes. In some cases, quarter and half tone alterations are achieved by changing the position and shape of the lips, changing the blowing intensity, or partly opening or closing the holes.

The range of the sound of ney is about two and a half octaves, but its field depends on the length of it's pipe.

The range of the sound of ney is about two and a half octaves, but its field depends on the length of it's pipe.

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